Mount Everest Temperature

7 Sep 2020 Peak Climbing Nepal

Mount Everest Temperature

Mount Everest Temperature: Mount Everest peak is the highest mountain peak in the world towering above with an elevation of 8848m above sea level. Thus, it has a freezing environment and unpredictable storms that makes it uninhabitable for wildlife.

The top of the summit experiences the highest temperature of around -19 degrees Celsius or -2 degrees Fahrenheit in July. The temperature remains around -36 degrees Celsius (-33 degrees Fahrenheit) in January which is the coldest month of the year. The summit of Mt Everest also reaches the lower limit of the jet stream.

Thus, climbers and mountaineers will experience harsh winds of 100 miles (160 km) per hour on average and can even hit 285 km/h (177 mph). There is a risk of climbers getting blown off the summit due to such high force winds. Moreover, the precipitation in the summer monsoon season (June to August) makes it difficult for climbers.

The Spring season (March, April, and May) is still chilly in nighttime and there might be unpredictable storms. March to May is the climbing season as the hurricane-force winds are relatively less. Read on to know more about Mount Everest temperatures in various seasons along with other relevant information in detail.

Mount Everest Temperature

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Summer – Monsoon (Mount Everest Temperature)

Summer – Monsoon brings clouds all over the Everest region that affects the trekking and climbing from June to September. Indian monsoon clouds bring heavy rainfall and moisture in the region. June to September is off-season and hence climbing and trekking activities are not suitable on the Everest region. The top of the summit temperatures averages around −19 degrees Celsius (−2 degrees Fahrenheit) in July.

Moreover, the hot and humid conditions make it challenging for off-season trekkers in the summer – monsoon season. The clouds also cover the mountains and obstruct it. Climbers and hikers must be careful if they decide to trek in the summer – monsoon season.

The Indian monsoon has a warm and wet wind from the Indian Ocean blowing Mount Everest’s south slope that can bring violent snowstorms. The precipitation and unexpected storms can fill up to 3 m (10 ft). Hence, trekking and other activities is not ideal in this season.


March to May in Spring months is a peak season for trekking and climbing expeditions in the Everest region. Stable weather conditions and warm temperatures is the highlight in this season. This is a small window of climbing the highest mountain peak and placing your name in the history books.

During spring, the wind from west blows against the Mount Everest summit and around the region. The Himalayan south slopes form moisture-laden air encounters with the wind. It then condenses into a white cloud which can sometimes lead to storms.

The speed of the wind is relatively at around 80 km/h (about 50 mph). The air pressure remains at just one-third of that at sea level hence you should remain careful as it can cause a reduction in oxygen levels.

Winter (Mount Everest Temperature)

November to February is the winter season and brings heavy snowfall and extremely cold conditions in the Everest region. Besides that, there are frequently attacking high-speed harsh winds. There are also snowstorms caused by the southward direction in northern hemisphere jet streams.

The global southwest-flowing jet stream from the north produces hurricane-force winds. In the summit that records a wind speed of over 285 km/h (177 mph). The extremely strong and dangerous winds can blow climbers off the Mt. Everest. Its average level of winds is around 160 km/h (100 mph) with sudden unpredictable rise. The storms can blow the snow from the summit which can cause problems for climbers.

Moreover, the Winter season is also a time for challenging offseason adventures. The temperatures of Everest Base Camp averages around -17 degrees Celsius or 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit and the Mt. Everest summit averages around -37 degrees Celsius or -35 degrees Fahrenheit from December to January. The average temperatures can drop to -60 degrees Celsius or -76 degrees Fahrenheit in January.


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September to November in Autumn is a peak season for trekking and climbing adventures as it is a post-monsoon period in the region. The stable weather conditions with less rainfall make it perfect for these adventures. Autumn brings moderate temperatures that are perfect for trekking in the daytime. Climbing majestic mount Everest is also possible.Similar articles you may like:

The Final Say

Mount Everest peak has an extreme environment and freezing temperatures all round year. Unpredictable storms and freezing temperatures are quite common in the Everest region. The warmest temperature of -19 degrees Celsius or -2 degrees Fahrenheit in July and the coldest temperature is around -36 degrees Celsius or -33 degrees Fahrenheit in January.

The Mt Everest summit also reaches the lower limit of the jet stream with hurricane-force winds that can hit 285 km/h (177 mph) which is a jet stream. Overall, Mt. Everest’s temperature is extremely low and remains below freezing temperatures throughout the year. January is the coldest month whereas July is the hottest. We hope you learned about Mount Everest’s temperature in detail.