7 Jul 2019 Peak Climbing Nepal
If you don’t know about Mount Everest, you don’t know anything about the mountains. Mount Everest is the highest Mountain Peak in the world. It is known as Sagarmatha in Nepali and Chomolungma in the Tibetan Language. It was named as Everest on the honour of Sir George Everest; the Surveyor General of India, by the Royal Geographical Society in 1865 because he was the first person to locate the exact position of the peak.
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Many people know that Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world but they are confused about its location. People are unknown about the place, continent, and region where Mount Everest is located and how long does it take to climb Mount Everest. This article may satisfy your queries with all the basic information.
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Where is Mount Everest Located?
Nepal is the home of some of the tallest mountains including Mount Everest. Nepal is a small landlocked country that lies in Asia. Mount Everest is located in the Mahalangur Himal of the great Himalayas. The international border between Nepal and China runs across its summit point. Officially the Everest is located at Solukhumbu District of Province no. 1 in Nepal. According to the National Surveying and Mapping Administration of China, the exact location of Mount Everest is 27º 59’ North latitude and 86 º 55’ East longitudes.
A highlight of Mount Everest Location
- Continent: Asia
- Country: Nepal & China
- Administrative Location: Solukhumbu District, Province No. 1
- Geographical Location: 27º 59’ North latitude and 86 º 55’ East
- Parent Range: Mahalangur Range, Himalayas
How High is Mount Everest?
Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world. It is 8,848m tall above sea level. But there is a debate regarding the exact height of this mountain. The first officially registered height was 8,840m. This remained until 1995 when an Indian Expedition team concluded the height of Everest is 8,848m. A number of surveys have been carried out over the years arriving at various heights. Indian Survey between 1952 and 1954 has concluded the height of Everest to be 8,848m.
Another survey by Italy in 1987 recommended its height to be 8,872m and in 1992 the Italian Survey came with another surprising result that was 8,846m. In 1999, a survey led by America claimed its height to be 8,850m. And the latest Survey by China in 2005 claims its height to be 8,844m. Though there is an eternal debate regarding its height, most people agree with 8,848m. It is believed that Everest is growing every year by 4mm due to shifting tectonic plates.
How Long Does it Take to Climb Mount Everest?
Normally it takes around two months for the successful scaling of the Everest. It takes 9 to 12 days to reach the Everest Base Camp (5,300m). And the entire climbing including the Base Camp takes around 6 to 8 weeks. For that, a daily walk of 5 to 6 hours is a must. March and May are the perfect time for the Expedition.
Everest is a dream destination to the Mountaineers. Though it is challenging, it is a popular choice. This has been the most popular choice of the climbers since it was first successfully accented by Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Sir Edmund Hillary on May 29, 1953.
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Climbing Everest is not a children’s play. It is full of obstacles and deaths are unpredictable. Crevasses, rock walls, glaciers, icefalls, icy slopes, high altitude, dramatically changing weather, etc. make the climb more difficult.
This unique mountain has two famous routes: the southeast ridge from Nepal and the Northern side route that begins from the Autonomous Province of China: Tibet. The South-East Ridge route is technically easier and more frequently used.
Climbing Mount Everest
Since Everest is the tallest mountain in the world, climbing the Everest is technical and full of challenges. The Death Zone above Camp IV has taken the lives of many expert and technical climbers too. So we should not underestimate the altitude and technical section of this massive giant.
The actual climbing starts from the Base Camp (5300m). After having sufficient peak climbing practices and being completely acclimatized, one can begin to ascend through the Khumbu IceFall towards Camp I (6,100m); the Valley of Silence. It won’t be that much difficult for the climbers because the guides will have already established a route with ropes and ladders. However, they must be careful about endless snow, deep crevasses, and avalanches.
Beginner Climbers can do:
At Camp I, climbers will also have some side hikes and climbing training. Nevertheless, they will have enough acclimatization after each camp. Then, the climbers will gradually move towards Camp II (6,400m). The expert crew will work hard to put up additional camps. They will provide the climber’s healthy meals and explore the easier route for them. They will climb up to the Camp III (6,800m) through the Lhotse face.
The climb will be either easy or hard, depending on the weather. From here the trek will be comparatively challenging because they have to encounter so many obstacles. They will have to use oxygen cylinders towards Camp IV (8,000m).
From Camp IV, the wall towards the summit is very steep and dark. This section of the Everest is also called the “Death Zone”. By the time they will be very close to the summit. Taking the weather into consideration they will ascend just about 900m to reach the summit of the tallest mountain of the world from Camp IV.
On stepping on the roof of the world, they will have an enchanting view of Kanchenjunga and many other peaks of the similar ascent of the Khumbu Region. They will cherish this lifetime unconquerable experience at the summit for sometimes. Then they will start descending back to the base camp through the same route.
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Interesting Mount Everest Facts
- Initially, Mount Everest was called Peak XV.
- Michael Karga named Mount Everest as the Third Pole of the earth.
- Baburam Acharya (Pioneer Historian) has named this mountain as Sagarmatha.
- Everest Day is celebrated on May 29 to commemorate the first successful climb of this mountain.
- Over 4000 people have attempted to climb Everest and over 2000 people have reached the top.
- It is believed to be created 60 million years ago.
- 1 in 10 successful summits ends in death.