20 Jan 2020 Peak Climbing Nepal
Have you ever heard about the world’s highest mountain, Mt Everest and Where is Mount Everest? If you haven’t, let me tell you about this mysterious mountain. Undoubtedly, Mount Everest (8848m) is the tallest mountain peak of the world.
Mount Everest Facts
- Initially, Mount Everest was called Peak XV.
- Michael Karga named Mount Everest as the Third Pole of the earth.
- Baburam Acharya (Pioneer Nepali Historian) has named this mountain as Sagarmatha.
- Everest Day is celebrated on May 29 to commemorate the first successful climb of this mountain.
- Over 4000 people have attempted to climb Everest and over 2000 people have reached the top.
- It is believed to be created 60 million years ago.
- 1 in 10 successful summits ends in death.
- Mount Everest grows 4mm higher every year due to geological uplift.
- George Everest, Surveyor General of India, discovered Everest in 1841.
- Mount Everest is also home to very minute black jumping spiders. These spiders hide in crevices and feed on frozen insects
- The main reason for death in Everest is the Avalanches.
- “Sagarmatha”, the Nepali name of Mount Everest also means Forehead of the Sky.
The History of Mount Everest has been started only in 1852. Unless then, it wasn’t identified as the tallest mountain of the world. The credit for this goes to Sir George Everest of Governmental Survey of India. He was the British Surveyor General of India from 1830 to 1843 and he carried out the first extensive exploration of this massive peak. Therefore, the peak was named as Mount Everest by Royal Geographical Society in 1865 for his honour. Before that, the peak was popularly known as Peak XV.
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Mount Everest is known by different names in different places. It is called Sagarmatha in Sanskrit and Nepali. Sagarmatha morphologically stands for “Peak of heaven”. It is called Chomolungma in the Tibetan language which means “Goddess Mother of the World” or “Goddess of the Valley”. Whatever is its name, it is the tallest point on the earth. It is a natural wonder that leaves anyone in awe. This mountain peak has also been described as the Third Pole by Michael Karge.
Where is Mount Everest Situated?
Mount Everest which is the tallest mountain of the world is the mountain on the crest of the Great Himalaya of southern Asia. It is located between India and Tibet; an autonomous province of china. In fact, Mount Everest is the geographical or natural border between Nepal and China. The international border runs across the summit of Mount Everest. The exact location of Mount Everest is marked as 27° 59’N latitude and 86° 56’E longitude. It is one of the amazing peaks located in the Mahalangur Range, a subsection of the Great Himalayas.
If you want the political location of Mount Everest, it is located in Solukhumbu District of Province No. 1 in Nepal and Tingri Country, Xigaze, Tibet Autonomous Region of China.
Beginner Climbers can do:
How High is Mount Everest?
Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world. It is 8,848m (29,029 ft.) tall above the sea level. But there is a debate regarding the exact height of this mountain. The first officially registered height was 8,840m. This remained until 1995 when an Indian Expedition team concluded the height of the Everest to be 8,848m. A number of surveys have been carried out over the years reporting various heights. Indian Survey between 1952 and 1954 has concluded the height of the Everest to be 8,848m.
Another survey by Italy in 1987 recommended its height to be 8,872m and in 1992 the Italian Survey came with another surprising result that was 8,846m. In 1999, a survey led by America claimed its height to be 8,850m. And the latest Survey by China in 2005 claims its height to be 8,844m. Though there is eternal debate regarding its height, most people agree with 8,848m. It is believed that Everest is growing every year by 4mm due to shifting tectonic plates.
How was the Everest Formed?
Almost 250 million years ago there was a big continent called “Pangaea”. Around some 70 million years ago, due to some natural force (tectonic force), it was divided into several continents. Before that Africa, India, Australia, North America, South America were on the same supercontinent (Pangaea). And around some sixty millions years ago, the Indo-Australian Plate started to move rapidly towards the Eurasian Plate.
The movement was so rapid. Geologists have estimated that the continental plate moved 15 cm per year. Finally, the Indo-Australian plate collided with the Russian plate which resulted in the formation of the Great Himalayas. Before that, there used to be a large sea called “Tethys”. The Himalayas rose from the floor of the ancient Tethys Sea. Due to the collisions of the continental plates, the sea bed was uplifted to form the Himalayas. The Indian plate is still moving northward, so the Himalayas are still rising. Geologists insist that Mount Everest is rising 5 mm per year.
Geologists also believe that there was geosynclinal sea between Angara Land (Mid Siberia) and Gondwanaland (Southern India) about 70 million years ago. It was called the Tethys Sea. Because of the formation of the rocks from the deposition of eroded materials like stone, sand, soil, weeds etc by the rivers of north and south, there formed various sedimentary rocks. During the middle of this period, the tectonic force came towards the south from the north. When this force was blocked by Deccan, Indian steady landmass, the rocks formed at the bottom of the sea rose up and greater Himalayas were formed. In this way, Mount Everest and many other greater peaks were formed.
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The great Himalayas is the mountain range in Asia that separates Nepal from Tibetan Plateau. The Range is the most famous mountain range because it has many of Earth’s highest mountain peaks including Mount Everest, Kanchenjunga, Makalu, Lhotse etc. The Great Himalayan Range extends south-eastward across northern Pakistan, Northern India and Nepal, and Bhutan. The range’s total length is some 1400 miles (2300km) with an average elevation 6100m.
Mount Everest is the natural wonder. It is a mystery and a symbol of beauty, rigidity and endurance. It is a paradise on the earth. Everyone who knows about Mount Everest wants to pursue the dream of going to Everest. There is no other big adventure than trekking to the Everest. Climbing Everest is the biggest adventure on earth. But climbing Mount Everest is full of risks. The severe weather, unpredictable weather, avalanches, wind storm, crevasses, headwalls, narrow ridgeline, altitude sickness, long and steady journey etc are the common difficulties in the Everest. Death in the Everest is unpredictable. Not everyone can pursue this dream. Climbing Mount Everest is very expensive as well. But there are so many trekking packages in the Everest.
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